1. Tower of London: Founded in 1066, used as a prison from 1100 to 1952. It was also used as a treasury, a menagerie, an armoury, the home of the Royal Mint, a public records office, and the home of the Crown Jewels of England (wikipedia). Inside you’ll be able to see the Crown Jewels, the Ravens, Medieval torture chambers, and much more. Official website.
3. Big Ben: Fun fact: Big Ben is only the name for the clock. The tower’s official name is Elizabeth Tower and was previously known as the Clock Tower. Official website.
5. Westminster Abbey: The large Gothic church in London near Parliament. Thought to have been founded in the year 960, this former abbey is now officially called the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster. Since the year 1066, it has been the site for most coronations and at least 16 royal weddings, including Prince William and Kate Middleton, and funerals, including Princess Diana’s. (wikipedia) Official website.
6. Tower Bridge: The iconic bridge over the River Thames. Official website.
7. British Museum: The British Museum first opened in 1759 and started out with a collection of books, manuscripts and other artifacts donated by Sir Hans Sloane. It has since become the home to the Rosetta Stone, the Townley collection of classical sculpture, the Parthenon and other historical artifacts. There are rotating exhibits as well. Official website.
8. St Paul’s Cathedral: An Anglican church built in 1708. At 365 feet high, it was the tallest building in London until 1962. Like Westminster Abbey, it has been the site of many royal weddings (like Prince Charles and Princess Diana), as well as funerals (like Winston Churchill). Official website.
9. Palace of Westminster: Construction originally began on this historic building in 1016, though parts of it have come and gone through the years, including major damage due to a fire in 1834. The Palace of Westminster is still home to the Parliament of England. Official website.
10. Trafalgar Square: Named in commemoration of the British Naval victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in Cape Trafalgar, Spain. Statues and fountains have been added through the years and produced the Trafalgar Square that exists today. Official website.
11. Hyde Park: One of the largest parks in London.